Booklet

author

Adarsh Shandilya

Design

Type Terminology

design

Design

|

Introduction to Typography

TYPE TERMINOLOGY

Typography terms every designer must know.

Framework of type

Cap Une

The cap line marts the height or highest pewit of uppercase letterforms.

Ascender Line

The ascender line marks the height or highest point of ascenders, that is the part of a few lowercase letterforms that rises above the x-height.

Baseline

The baseline is the me on which letterforms, words, lines, and paragraphs sit.

Descender Line

The descencter line marts the lowest point of descenders that «s the part of a few lowercase letterforms that falls be*>w the baseline.

Mean Line

The mean ine (mid line) marks the height or highest point of lowercase letterforms excluding ascenders and descenders.

X-height

X-height is the distance from baseline to mean line, or, typically, the top of the lowercase x.

Cap Height

Cap height is the distance from the baseline to cap me that measures uppercase letterform height.

Parts of type

Leading and kerning

OTHER TERMS

Glyph

A Glyph is an elemental symbol.

Characters

A character is a typographic element such as a letterform, numeral, or punctuation mark.

Serif

A serif is a small finishing detail at the start and end of strokes.

Sans Serif

Sans serif refers to type without serifs.

Weight

Weight refers to stroke thickness.

Width

Widht is basically how wide the letterforms stand.

Point

A point (abbreviated pt) is a typographic measure equal to 0.35 mm.

BOOKS REFERRED

Thinking with Type

Ellen Lupton

Grid Systems in Graphic Design

Josef Müller-Brockmann

Designing with Type: The Essential Guide to Typography

Irene Korol Scala, James Craig, and William Bevington

HOPE IT WAS HELPFUL

MORE ON TYPOGRAPHY SOON!

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