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Technical Sapien

IT & Software

Networking Terminologies You Must Know

Networking Terminologies You Must Know

  • Packet
    - Packets are the envelopes that carry data over a network
  • Protocol
    - A network protocol is a set of rules agreed by both the parties (Sender/Receiver) to determine how data will be transmitted.
  • Firewall
    - A firewall is a program that decides whether traffic coming into a server or going out should be allowed
  • Port
    - A port is a communication endpoint that identifies a type of network service
  • WAN
    - It stands for wide area network and covers a wide area such as a city.
  • LAN
    - It stands for local area network nd covers a small area such as a small office or home.
  • RSS
    - Really simple syndication is used for the dissemination of information, articles, etc.
  • DHCP
    - A configuration service used to provide an IP logical address and configuration information to a device over the network.
  • Layer
    - Layer, used with a number, it identifies a reference layer of the open system communication (OSI) model.
  • VoIP
    - Voice over internet protocol is used especially for voice transfer over IP network.

In a network, any connected device is called as host.

  • A host can serve as following ways:
  • A host can acts as a client, when he is requesting information.
  • A host can acts as a server, when he provides information.
  • A host can also request and provide information, is called peer.

Some basic protocols are:

  • IP: Internet Protocol
  • FTP: File Transfer Protocol
  • SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  • HTTP: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

These Are The Basic Network Terminologies That You Must Know.

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