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Hack University

Development

Markup vs. Compiled vs. Scripting languages

Markup vs. Compiled vs. Scripting languages

There are three main types of programming languages:

Markup languages: HTML, XML, CSS

Compiled languages: C++, Java

Scripting languages: JavaScript, PHP, Python

Markup languages

These are used to control the presentation of data, like representing structured data. Markup languages won't describe a process or an algorithm. It's just pure data.

Compiled languages

These are programming languages that are converted directly into machine code for the processor to execute.

They’re usually faster and more efficient than scripting languages.

Scripting languages

These languages use an interpreter to run the code sequentially. There’s no need to compile the code ahead of time.

Scripting languages are often significantly slower than compiled languages. But. have less overhead when it comes to just executing the program.

Well now you know the difference!

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